Expressive language disorder ICD-10 codes

expressive language disorder

Expressive language disorder ICD-10 is one of the many codes that speech-language pathologists use in daily documentation like referrals, therapy notes, and evaluation reports. Whether you’re an SLP working in a health care setting or private therapy practice, it’s important to know the correct express language disorder ICD-10 codes.

Click here to enroll in our free on-demand Insurance Billing for Therapists video course [Enroll Now]

One of the most commonly used ICD-10 codes for speech-language pathologists is the Expressive Language Disorder ICD-10. This code is F80.1.

Before getting into the details about this code, some SLPs might need a refresher on what ICD-10 is exactly. Learn why it’s imperative for SLPs to be familiar with ICD-10 codes, know how to use them, and keep up with changes to codes.

Let’s explore the answers to all of those questions and talk about Expressive Language Disorder ICD-10 codes commonly used by SLPs.

What is ICD-10?

ICD-10 is owned by the World Health Organization (WHO), and stands for the International Classification of Diseases, 10th Revision. It’s the official system used in the United States to assign health care codes that correspond to various diagnoses and procedures.

ICD-10-CM is included under ICD-10. The “CM” (Clinical Modification), was developed by the CDC (Centers for Disease Control & Prevention) to be used across U.S. healthcare settings. On October 1, 2021, the most current, 2022, edition of the ICD-10-CM codes became effective.

We know what you’re thinking. All of these acronyms are enough to make an SLPs head spin. But not to worry! Here’s what you really need to know.

SLPs are required to use ICD-10 codes when diagnosing clients and charging for procedures in order to comply with HIPAA regulations and for payment by Medicare, Medicaid, and private insurance companies.

Lacking knowledge of the ICD-10 codes pertinent to your clients and a failure to stay up to date on the latest changes could result in insurance denials for your practice.

Expressive language disorder ICD-10

One of the most frequently used ICD-10 codes encountered by SLPs is for the diagnosis of an Expressive Language Disorder. This ICD-10-CM code is F80.1.

According to the American Speech Language Hearing Association (ASHA), speech-language pathologists should choose the Expressive Language Disorder ICD-10 code(s) that “provide the greatest degree of accuracy and completeness”.

Meaning, it’s crucial to know the specific characteristics of a given diagnosis and to be sure that these characteristics accurately describe your client’s difficulties.

An Expressive Language Disorder is a disorder characterized by difficulties using language to communicate.

ASHA further describes an Expressive Language Disorder as an impairment in the “use of a spoken, written, and/or other communication symbol system (e.g., ASL)”.

An expressive language disorder may involve:
  • Difficulties with Language Form (phonology, morphology, syntax)
  • Impairments of Language Content (semantics)
  • Use of Augmentative & Alternative Communication (AAC) for certain clients.

This disorder can be seen across the lifespan, in clients who range in ages from toddlers to adults.

 A young child with an Expressive Language Disorder may have a limited vocabulary, and not speak as many words as expected for their age.

School-aged children with this disorder can show characteristics such as difficulty putting words together with correct grammar in order to effectively communicate their wants, needs, and thoughts to others.

Adult clients with an Expressive Language Disorder may have difficulty using language due to a traumatic brain injury, stroke, or progressive disorder.

An Expressive Language Disorder can range in severity, from mild to severe.

What does expressive language disorder ICD-10 code CM F80.1 include and exclude?
The criteria symptoms for the ICD-10-CM diagnosis of F80.1 expressive language disorder include the following:
  • Aphasia (amnestic) (global) (nominal) (semantic) (syntactic); expressive type
  • Development: Delayed language skills (expressive)
  • Disorder (of):
    • Developmental language
    • Language (developmental)
  • Dysphasia: Developmental expressive type

The exclusions for expressive language disorder ICD-10 code F80.1 include:

The above disorders have other specific ICD-10 codes that SLP’s should refer to when completing documentation such as evaluations and treatment notes.

Start 30-day Free Trial and explore TheraPlatform. HIPAA Compliant Video and Practice Management Software for Therapists.

Prevalence of an expressive language disorder

Most SLPs working in a healthcare or private setting have clients with an Expressive Language Disorder on their caseload. The disorder can be considered common in both children and adults in the United States. According to data from the National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders, nearly 1 in 12 (7.7%) children in the U.S. between the ages of 3-17 has had a disorder related to voice, speech, language, or swallowing within the past 12 months. In regards to language in specific, government statistics report that over 3% of children in the U.S. have had a language disorder in the past 12 months that lasted at least 1 week. Language disorders frequently occur in the adult population as well. Currently about 1 million individuals in the U.S. have Aphasia. Certain types of Aphasia are coded under the Expressive Language Disorder ICD-10 code F80.1.

When do expressive language disorder ICD-10 codes or other codes change?

ICD-10 codes are updated annually. They are released and effective October 1st each year, and it’s important for SLPs to stay up to date with the changes in order to maintain compliance with HIPAA and insurance requirements.

What’s the easiest way for therapists to find accurate information on the latest ICD-10 code updates?

The Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) provide several coding resources on their website. These include an ICD-10 code lookup tool. The CDC (Center for Disease Control and Prevention) also offers an ICD-10-CM Lookup tool. This allows providers to search for specific codes or disorders for the current fiscal year.

Speech-Language Pathologists can utilize resources through ASHA (the American Speech Language Hearing Association) for guidance on coding, such as when to use the F80.1 Expressive Language Disorder ICD-10 code.

More resources for using ICD-10 codes

Expressive Language Disorder ICD-10 codes are important for SLPs to have up-to-date knowledge on in order to comply with HIPAA and Insurance requirements.

TheraPlatform makes it easy to use Expressive Language Disorder ICD-10 codes accurately with its ICD-10 code lookup. All codes on TheraPlatofrm will auto-populate to documentation, billing, and claims, making accurate documentation a breeze. You can use TheraPlatform to manage several aspects of your practice, from scheduling, documentation to billing and teletherapy. TheraPlatform, an all-in-one EHR, practice management and teletherapy tool was built for therapists to help them save time on admin tasks. They also offer a 30-day trial with no credit card required. Cancel anytime.

More resources
Free video classes

Practice Management, EHR/EMR and Teletherapy Platform

Exclusive therapy apps and games

Start 30 Day FREE TRIAL
pediatric feeding disorder ICD-10, ICD-10 codes for pediatric feeding disorder
Pediatric feeding disorder ICD-10

Pediatric feeding disorder ICD-10 codes changed this year. Make sure you’re current with the changes to ensure proper payment. Learn more about it in our blog.

icd-10 for Dysphagia, Dysphagia ICD-10 codes
Dysphagia ICD-10

Dysphagia ICD-10 codes are used to diagnose a common swallowing disorder. Learn how to use the most accurate, specific ICD-10 codes for this condition.

Subscribe to our newsletter